How to setup RAID-0 on Debian
The RAID 0 array works by breaking up data into chunks and striping it across the available disks. This means that each disk contains a portion of the data and that multiple disks will be referenced when retrieving information.
- Requirements: minimum of 2 storage devices
- Primary benefit: Performance
- Make sure that you have functional backups. A single device failure will destroy all data in the array.
Identify the disks you want to use
lsblk -o NAME,SIZE,FSTYPE,TYPE,MOUNTPOINT
say you see sda, sdb and sdc. SDA is possibly divided in sda1 and sda2, meaning that this disk is in use. If the other are just SDB and SDC these should be the disk you are aiming for.
NAME SIZE FSTYPE TYPE MOUNTPOINT sdb 100G disk sdc 100G disk sda 25G disk ├─sda1 24.9G ext4 part / ├─sda14 4M part └─sda15 106M vfat part /boot/efi
Create the Array
sudo mdadm --create --verbose /dev/md0 --level=0 --raid-devices=2 /dev/sda /dev/sdb
check if it is crated successful by doing a
The output should look something like:
Personalities : [raid0] md0 : active raid0 sdb sdc 209584128 blocks super 1.2 512k chunks unused devices: <none>
Next you have to create a filesystem to use your array
sudo mkfs.ext4 -F /dev/md0
Note that MD0 is your array sdb1 and sdc2 together.
Now create a mount point on your system like /mnt/md0 or /datastore
sudo mkdir -p /mnt/md0
After that you are able to mount the new array
sudo mount /dev/md0 /mnt/md0
Check if it is available by doing:
df -h -x devtmpfs -x tmpfs
To make sure that the array is reassemble every time you boot your system you need to set your configuration of your array in a file /etc/mdadm/mdadm.conf.
sudo mdadm --detail --scan | sudo tee -a /etc/mdadm/mdadm.conf
Next update the initramfs by doing a
sudo update-initramfs -u
If you like to auto mount your array at boot you need a entry in your fstab. Edit your fstab like this
echo '/dev/md0 /mnt/md0 ext4 defaults,nofail,discard 0 0' | sudo tee -a /etc/fstab
That's all, enjoy.
Your ArtIT Team